Mayo Clinic Adult Congenital Heart Disease expert Naser Ammash, M.D., discusses partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC).
Anomalous pulmonary venous connections are a rare and simple congenital heart defect when they occur in isolation. However, in many patients, they are associated with other congenital heart diseases such as atrial septal defect or Tetralogy of Fallot.
Transthoracic echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram, CT scan, and MRI can all be used to identify anomalous pulmonary venous connections, and treatment can often times require surgical repair.
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