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Thu, Nov 29, 2018 9:41am

Gastroparesis Diet Guidelines

By Kanaaz Pereira, Connect Moderator, @kanaazpereira

Gastroparesis is a condition in which the stomach empties into the small intestine more slowly than it should. Diet and nutrition play a significant role for people who have gastroparesis; in fact, dietary changes are the first step in managing this condition. Madelynn Strong, clinical dietitian at Mayo Clinic, recommends some strategies and foods that may help speed up gastric emptying.

  • Eat small, frequent meals, and chew food thoroughly
  • Eat well-cooked fruits and vegetables rather than raw fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid fibrous fruits and vegetables, such as oranges and broccoli, which may cause bezoars
  • Choose mostly low-fat foods, but if you can tolerate them, add small servings of fatty foods to your diet
  • Try soups and pureed foods if liquids are easier for you to swallow
  • Avoid carbonated drinks, alcohol and smoking

Here are some tips to help you decide what foods to eat and what foods to avoid:

Starches

  • White bread and rolls and "light" whole-wheat bread without nuts or seeds
  • Plain or egg bagels
  • English muffins
  • Flour or corn tortillas
  • Pancakes
  • Puffed wheat and rice cereals
  • Cream of wheat or rice
  • White crackers
  • Potatoes, white or sweet (no skin)
  • Baked french fries
  • Rice
  • Pasta

Protein

  • Lean beef, veal and pork (not fried)
  • Chicken or turkey (no skin and not fried)
  • Crab, lobster, shrimp, clams, scallops, oysters
  • Tuna (packed in water)
  • Cottage cheese
  • Eggs
  • Tofu
  • Strained meat baby food

Fruits and vegetables

  • Baby food vegetables and fruits
  • Tomato sauce, paste, puree, juice
  • Carrots (cooked)
  • Beets (cooked)
  • Mushrooms (cooked)
  • Vegetable juice
  • Vegetable broth
  • Fruit juices and drinks
  • Applesauce
  • Bananas
  • Peaches and pears (canned)

Dairy

  • Milk, if tolerated
  • Yogurt (without fruit pieces)
  • Custard and pudding
  • Frozen yogurt

Meet other people talking about gastroparesis on Mayo Clinic Connect. Here are some discussions you might like to view–join the conversation, share experiences, ask questions, and discover your support network...

 

 

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