Gastroparesis Diet Guidelines

Nov 29, 2018 | Kanaaz Pereira, Connect Moderator | @kanaazpereira | Comments (13)

Gastroparesis is a condition in which the stomach empties into the small intestine more slowly than it should. Diet and nutrition play a significant role for people who have gastroparesis; in fact, dietary changes are the first step in managing this condition. Madelynn Strong, clinical dietitian at Mayo Clinic, recommends some strategies and foods that may help speed up gastric emptying.

  • Eat small, frequent meals, and chew food thoroughly
  • Eat well-cooked fruits and vegetables rather than raw fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid fibrous fruits and vegetables, such as oranges and broccoli, which may cause bezoars
  • Choose mostly low-fat foods, but if you can tolerate them, add small servings of fatty foods to your diet
  • Try soups and pureed foods if liquids are easier for you to swallow
  • Avoid carbonated drinks, alcohol and smoking

Here are some tips to help you decide what foods to eat and what foods to avoid:

Starches

  • White bread and rolls and "light" whole-wheat bread without nuts or seeds
  • Plain or egg bagels
  • English muffins
  • Flour or corn tortillas
  • Pancakes
  • Puffed wheat and rice cereals
  • Cream of wheat or rice
  • White crackers
  • Potatoes, white or sweet (no skin)
  • Baked french fries
  • Rice
  • Pasta

Protein

  • Lean beef, veal and pork (not fried)
  • Chicken or turkey (no skin and not fried)
  • Crab, lobster, shrimp, clams, scallops, oysters
  • Tuna (packed in water)
  • Cottage cheese
  • Eggs
  • Tofu
  • Strained meat baby food

Fruits and vegetables

  • Baby food vegetables and fruits
  • Tomato sauce, paste, puree, juice
  • Carrots (cooked)
  • Beets (cooked)
  • Mushrooms (cooked)
  • Vegetable juice
  • Vegetable broth
  • Fruit juices and drinks
  • Applesauce
  • Bananas
  • Peaches and pears (canned)

Dairy

  • Milk, if tolerated
  • Yogurt (without fruit pieces)
  • Custard and pudding
  • Frozen yogurt

Meet other people talking about gastroparesis on Mayo Clinic Connect. Here are some discussions you might like to view–join the conversation, share experiences, ask questions, and discover your support network...

 

 

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You just listed my whole grocery list for last month. The baby food goes into a baby food cake. Are you sure the carb level is good?

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I was just diagnosed with Gastroparesis after months of trying to figure out what was wrong with me I don’t have a gallbladder so we knew it wasn’t that. So they went to do an endoscope and my stomach was still full of food from the day before then had the gastric emptying study. My stomach hurts so bad. I feel better if I eat nothing. I don’t even know where to begin. I need help. And they found small cysts all over my liver I am only 44. I am clueless on where to start.

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@kristinah

I was just diagnosed with Gastroparesis after months of trying to figure out what was wrong with me I don’t have a gallbladder so we knew it wasn’t that. So they went to do an endoscope and my stomach was still full of food from the day before then had the gastric emptying study. My stomach hurts so bad. I feel better if I eat nothing. I don’t even know where to begin. I need help. And they found small cysts all over my liver I am only 44. I am clueless on where to start.

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@kristinah, you might wish to connect with other members living with Gastroparesis in the Digestive Health Support Group. See this list of relevant discussions and join one.
https://connect.mayoclinic.org/search/discussions/?search=Gastroparesis+

If you would like to seek an appointment with Mayo Clinic experts, start your request here: http://mayocl.in/1mtmR63

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