January is Thyroid Awareness Month – how much do you know about your thyroid gland? Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. It produces hormones that regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. In short, your thyroid is pretty important. There are several diseases that can affect your thyroid, including cancer, so it’s important to talk to your physician about ways to maintain good thyroid health.